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High Blood Sugar Symptoms, diabetes is a disease in which the level of glucose is too low or too high. Gloss is the main source of energy for the cell that make up your muscle and tissue and it is important for your health. Also, the main source of fuel for your brain.
In different condition, different Causes of diabetes includes diabetes type 1 and type 2.
Reversible diabetes conditions include gestational diabetes and prediabetes.
When your blood sugar levels are higher than normally called prediabetes, but not so much it should be classified as diabetes.
And unless appropriate measures are taken to halt the progression, prediabetes is often a precursor to diabetes.
But gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, but it gets resolved after the baby is delivered.
What are the high blood sugar symptoms?
High blood sugar symptoms depend on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Especially for those who have type 2 diabetes, sometimes symptom does not appear. In type 1 diabetes, there is no pre-symptom but it comes very quickly and more severe.
Some signs and symptoms of Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. High blood sugar symptoms like:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Ketone present in urine (If insulin is not enough available breakdown muscle and fat because ketone is a bioproduct)
- Infections like gum, skin, and Vaginal infection.
Type one diabetes can happen at any age, (in childhood or adolescence. But the most common diabetes is type 2 develops at any age more commonly older than 40 years.
High blood sugar symptoms depend on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Especially those who have type 2 diabetes, sometimes symptoms do not appear. In type 1 diabetes, there is no pre-symptom but it comes very quickly and more severe.
When to see a doctor:
If your child shows any high blood sugar symptoms contact your doctor. Because the earlier the diagnosis is done, the earlier the treatment will be done. What are the symptoms of diabetes
If you are already diagnosed with the disease, then you must do medical follow-up until your blood sugar is normal.
What is the cause of high blood sugar?
Cause of type 1 diabetes:
Type one diabetes cause is unknown. But in type one diabetes another cause is autoimmune. The immune system normally fights harmful viruses or bacteria.
There present MHC-1 complement system express viroprotein T cell recognition and give an immune response. The immune system reacts properly to this virus and bacteria and environmental factors because of their susceptibility genes like HLADR4, H2ADR4, and SLE.
If attack viruses and bacteria T cells release cytokines that act on plasma cells to produce antibodies and antibodies that attack a portion of the beta cell of the pancreas. Beta cell destruction decreases function decreases insulin production and increases the level of glucose in the blood.
Cause of type 2 diabetes:
It is an autoimmune disease, in this condition cells become resistant to the action of insulin. Due to insulin resistance, glucose is not broken down and glucose is not converted into ATP, glucose starts accumulating in the bloodstream. And pancreas does not make enough insulin because increases amolin.
Genetic and environmental factors also develop type 2 diabetes. Overweight is more likely to develop diabetes 2. But not all overweight people have type 2 diabetes.
Causes of gestational diabetes:
When pregnancy occurs, a hormone called sustain is released by the placenta. This hormone makes the cell resistant to insulin.
When such an event occurs, the pancreas produces more insulin. But sometimes the pancreas doesn’t know how to fix it. When this happens, a little amount of glucose is sent to the cell. And most of the externality remains in the blood, causing gestational diabetes.
What are the Risk factors for high blood sugar?
Risk factors for type 1 diabetes:
- Family history: If you have type 1 diabetes in your family, you may have a higher chance of getting it too.
- Environmental: If you have any viral disease, then your chances of getting type 1 diabetes may increase.
- Due to auto antibodies: If you have problems related to autoantibodies, then your chances of getting type 1 diabetes may be very high. But not everyone can develop type 1 because of autoantibodies.
- Geographical: Finland and Sweden’s chance of risk type 1 diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes:
- Weight: If you have a lot of fatty tissue in your body, then your chances of getting type 2 diabetes may increase because it can lead to insulin resistance.
- Physical activity: If you have less physical activity, then your chances of getting diabetes may increase. Physical activity reduces weight and the body has more and more insulin-sensitive cells for energy, which is very good for us.
- Family history: If your parents and siblings have diabetes, you may have an increased chance of getting it too.
- Age: Most type 2 diabetes occurs in older people than 40 years because at this age decreased workout, due to which weight increases. But type 2 diabetes can also occur in children and adolescents.
- Gestational diabetes: If you are pregnant, you may have gestational diabetes, and you may also have prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. If you give birth to a baby in this condition, then its weight can exceed 4 kg because the amount of glucose in the baby increases, and, in this way, hypoglycemia occurs in the baby.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: This condition is for women. This condition leads to irregular menses and leads to increased weight gain, access to hair growth, and obesity, which can increase the chances of developing diabetes
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure of 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels: You may be at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you have low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or “good,” cholesterol. And Triglycerides are different types of fat which is carrie in the blood. If people have high levels of triglycerides, their chances of getting type 2 diabetes may increase.
You can always get your cholesterol tested with the advice of your doctor.
Risk factors for gestational diabetes:
Pregnant women are more likely to have gestational diabetes, some have less and some have more. Here we read about other risk factors of gestational diabetes.
- Age: This risk increases when more than 25 years of women are pregnant.
- Family or personal history: This risk is increase if you are prediabetic or someone in your family has type 2 diabetes. If you have been pregnant before, your chances of developing gestational diabetes may increase. If you have given birth to a very big baby, then that too is a life-threatening condition in which the baby has hypoglycemia and low sugar can lead to his death.
- Weight: If there is a lot of weight in pregnancy, then the chances of diabetes may increase.
What is the complication of high blood sugar?
If you’ve had diabetes for a long time and you haven’t controlled your blood glucose levels, you may have life-threatening complications.
Possible applications include:
- Cardiovascular disease: If You Have Diabetes, You Can Have a Heart Stroke, chest pain, coronary artery disease, heart attack, and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis).
- Nerve damage (neuropathy): Too much blood sugar damages the tiny blood vessels that nourish our nerves. and causes demyelination, which leads to neuro problems. Most problem occurs in the lower limb. Problems in digestion like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation. But in men may increase the chance of erectile dysfunction.
- Kidney damage (nephropathy): Kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters (glomeruli) which are damage due to diabetes. Due to this, there is a problem with filtering, and the body’s waste is not filter. Due to this, you may have chronic kidney disease and you may have to go on dialysis or kidney transplant.
- Eye damage (retinopathy): Diabetes can damage the retina’s blood vessels and increase your chances of developing cataracts and glaucoma.
- Foot damage: Poor blood flow due to damage to tiny blood vessels, which can increase the chances of ulcers and gangrene in the foot.
- Skin conditions: Skin problems due to diabetes can be bacterial and fungal.
- Hearing impairment: Hearing probes are very common due to diabetes.
- Alzheimer’s disease: Type 2 diabetes is more likely to cause Alzheimer’s disease because it affects our nerves.
- Depression: Due to type 1 and 2 diabetes can cause depression symptoms.
Gestational diabetes complications:
When a woman is pregnant, many women have gestational diabetes, but if it is not treat properly, it leads to life-threatening complications.
And this complication comes in your child like:
- Excess growth: The level of glucose is high, due to which the growth of the child increases.
- Low blood sugar: If the amount of glucose in the baby is increase in pregnancy, then insulin is also made more. When the baby is deliver, the baby gets hypoglycaemic because of the high insulin production.
- Type 2 diabetes later in life: When gestational diabetes occurs, the baby and mother are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Death: When gestational diabetes is not treat, the chances of death are very high.
Mothers may also have problems due to gestational diabetes including:
- Preeclampsia: In this condition high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine, and swelling in the legs and feet. This is a life-threatening condition for both the baby and the mother.
- Subsequent gestational diabetes: If you have gestational diabetes once, then this possibility increases in the next pregnancy. And type 2 diabetes also when you are older.