Acne symptoms cause diagnose treatment

Acne is a skin condition that happens when oil and dead skin cells get stuck in your hair follicles. It leads to blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.

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Teenagers are most likely to get acne, but people of all ages can get it.

Effective treatments are available for acne, but it can be hard to get rid of.

The bumps or pimples take a long time to heal, and when one starts to go away, it seems like more appear.

Depending on how bad it is, acne can make you feel bad and leave scars on your skin.

The sooner you start treatment, the less likely you are to have these problems.



Depending on how bad your acne is, there are different signs:

  • Whiteheads are closed pores that are clogged.
  • (Open pores that are clogged) Blackheads.
  • (Papules) Small red bumps that are soft.
  • (Pustules), Pimples that are papules and have pus at the end of them.
  • (Nodules) Large, solid, painful bumps under the skin.
  • Cystic lesions are painful bumps under the skin that are full of pus.

Most of the time, the condition shows up on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders.

We go to the doctor when?

If you can’t get rid of your scar by yourself, you should see your primary care doctor. They can write prescriptions for stronger drugs.

If your acne keeps coming back or is very bad, you may want to see a doctor who specializes in skin problems (dermatologist or pediatric dermatologist).

If, after using a skin product, you have to Seek emergency medical help:

  • Faintness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Eye, face, lip, or tongue swelling
  • The throat getting tight


There are four things that can:

(Sebum) makes too much oil. Oil or dead skin cells clog hair follicles.

Acne usually shows up on your face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders, which have the most oil glands (sebaceous glands). And the oil glands are linked to the hair follicles.

Some other things can cause or make acne worse:

  • Hormonal changes: During puberty, both boys and girls have more androgens, which make the sebaceous glands grow and make more oil.
  • Some medicines are: When we take corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium, it may cause acne.
  • Diet: Eating carb-rich foods like bread, bagels, and chips can make acne worse.
    Some experts say that stress doesn’t cause acne, but it can make acne worse if you already have it.


People with dark skin are more likely to get it than people with light skin.

  • Scars: If the acne scars last for a long time, pitted skin (scars) and thick scars (keloids) can be left behind.
  • Changes to the skin: After acne has gone away, the skin may be darker (hyperpigmented) or lighter (hypopigmented) than it was before.
  • Age: Teenagers are most likely to have it, but it can happen to anyone.
  • Changes in hormones: These kinds of changes happen often during puberty or pregnancy.
    Acne can also be caused by genes. If both of your parents had acne, you are more likely to get it too.
  • Greasy or oily things: If you use oily or greasy lotions and creams on your skin, you may get acne.
  •   Friction or pressure on your skin: phones, cell phones, helmets, tight collars, and backpacks can all cause this. This can lead to zits.


If you’ve tried over-the-counter (non-prescription) acne products for a few weeks and they haven’t helped, talk to your doctor about prescription-strength medicines. Talk to your dermatologist about it.

  • Control your pimple
  • Avoid scarring or damage skin
  • Lessen the look of scars

Acne medicines work by reducing oil production and swelling and treating bacterial infections that cause them. Most prescription acne medicines take four to eight weeks to start working, and it can take months or even years for your acne to clear up completely.

Your doctor will give you a treatment plan based on your age, the type and severity of your acne, and how much time and effort you are willing to put into it.

Drugs that go on the skin:

  • Retinoids and retinoid-like drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Azelaic acid and salicylic acid
  • Dapsone

Oral medicines:

  • Antibiotics: This type of antibiotic can use minocycline, doxycycline, or a macrolide (erythromycin, azithromycin).
  • Combination birth control pills: In this case, you should take progestin and estrogen together (Ortho Tri-Cyclen 21, Yaz, others).

Anti-androgen agents are a type of drug that stops the effect of androgen hormones on the glands that make oil. Some of the possible side effects are sore breasts and painful periods.

  • Isotretinoin: Amnesteem, Claravis, and other drugs like it are made from vitamin A. People with moderate or severe acne that hasn’t been helped by other treatments may be given this kind of drug.


  • The use of light: Several light-based treatments have been tried with some success, but most of them will require you to go to the doctor’s office more than once.
  • Chemical peel: This is for mild problems and uses chemical solutions like salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinoic acid.
  • Drainage and taking out: Whiteheads, blackheads, and cysts that haven’t gone away after using topical medicines should be cut out. This type of treatment temporarily makes your skin look better, but it could also leave scars.
  • Steroid injection: A steroid drug is injected into nodules and cysts to treat them. When we used steroid injections, the pain went away quickly and the condition got better quickly.

Some of the side effects include the skin getting thinner and changing color in the treated area.